Doesn't your heart just break for the psalmist here? He was obviously having more than just a typical bad day. It sounds more like he was having a bad life! Discouraged. Defeated. Oppressed. Yep, we are definitely reading the diary entry of one very unhappy person. However, in the midst of such a dark hour, we find another name of God: El Simchah Giyl, God my Exceeding Joy.
Despite what many dictionaries and thesauruses say, the words "happiness" and "joy" do not mean the same thing. They are not interchangeable. Sure, on the surface they seem to be the same thing. Happy, joyful, in a good mood, free of sadness. But there is one major contrast that makes all the difference in the world. Happiness is based on circumstances. The psalmist who wrote Psalm 43 was quite obviously not happy. His circumstances were grim and so was his attitude. Joy, on the other hand, is not dependent on our circumstances, but rather on the Lord. If we have Jesus in our hearts, then we have joy, and nothing that happens in our lives can change that.
If you notice, this name of God is a little different than the others we've looked at because it has two qualifiers after the word "El" instead of just one. Interestingly enough, both "Simchah" and "Giyl" mean "joy or joyful", so in essence, the psalmist is saying, "God my joyful joy". I can think of no better place in the Bible for this name than right here in the midst of the psalmist's dark hour. Its placement here distinguishes true joy from mere happiness. Many things can make us happy, but only God can give us joy because He is joy Himself.
Note the holy rapture with which [the psalmist] regards his Lord! He is not his joy alone, but his exceeding joy; not the fountain of joy, the giver of joy, or the maintainer of joy, but that joy itself.
- Charles Spurgeon
Bad days will come. Difficult circumstances will arise. Happiness will flee. But joy is here to stay. Didn't God promise He would never leave us nor forsake us? So if God is joy and He never leaves, that means joy is ever present. No matter what life throws our way, we can have everlasting joy through El Simchah Giyl, God our Exceeding Joy!